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Port Elizabeth is the fifth largest city in South Africa. There are about 737,600 people living in the city. In the agglomeration (core city) live about 1.244.900 inhabitants, so that Port Elizabeth is the largest city in the province East Cape. From the cities of Uitenhage, Despatch and Port Elizabeth, the district Nelson Mandela Bay Municipality forms. The city is also referred to as “The Windy City” or “Friendly City”.
The South African city is located on Algoa Bay, on the Indian Ocean and about 770 km east of Cape Town. Port Elizabeth leads almost 20 km along the beautiful coast. It is known mainly for its fantastic sandy beaches such as Hobie, Humewood, Pollock and Kings. The city is located on the N2 national road. It leads directly along the coast, from Cape Town via Durban to Ermelo.
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The climate in Port Elizabeth is quite mild. The annual average temperature is 17.5 degrees. Even in the summer months the thermometer seldom climbs above 21 ° C. Furthermore it rains very little in the region and if only in the summer.
The foundation of the city is due to the English. In 1799 you built Fort Frederick in Port Elizabeth. In this way, you wanted to monitor the Boers, who lived in the hinterland. The growth of the city was accelerated by the construction of the fort. A large part of the English fled from their homeland, where they suffered from industrialisation. They moved to Algoa Bay, near the city.
Port Elizabeth owes its name to the wife of the former Cape Governor, Sir Rufane Donkin. In the Donkin Reserve, a memorial park in the city center, a pyramid of stone was built to commemorate the Governor’s wife. The building is among other things a popular excursion destination for tourists. From there, guests have a breathtaking view of the city. Directly near the pyramid there is a lighthouse where the Tourist Information is located.
A small secret is the so-called Campanile, which is a lookout tower. The tower is about 50 m high and allows a unique panorama view on Port Elizabeth.
Families with children appreciate the Oceanarium. In the building are the oceanarium, the science museum and a reptile house. Also the Addo Elephant Park should be visited. The national park, founded in 1931, houses more than 170 different animal species. The National Park is located approximately 70 km north of Port Elizabeth and is highly worth seeing.
Other sights of the city include the seaport and the beautiful sandy beaches. The seaport is the third-largest port in South Africa and an important hub for containers. Since the year 2003 is built at a second seaport, which is located about 20 km north of Port Elizabeth, near Coega.
Other sources of income are the Wollexport and the automotive industry. Ford and VW have production facilities in Port Elizabeth. Approximately 6,500 people work at the VW plant in South Africa. Also General Motors, Continental and Johnson & Johnson are common in the city.
At the port you can book various boat excursions uncomplicated. Particularly interesting are the trips to the island of Santa Crux, where you will find one of the largest penguin colonies on the African coast, or dive trips to various shipwrecks. Between July and November, you can also watch whales on these boat trips.
Cape Recife Nature Reserve Cape Recife
The 366 hectare nature reserve is located about 7 kilometres south of Port Elizabeth, at the Cap Recife. An approximately 9 km long circular path leads past the lighthouse through the partial rocky thin landscape, in which an indescribably diverse bird world is at home. On a rock, near the lighthouse, lives a small penguin colony. With some luck, however, small antelope species can also be discovered.
The Happy Valley, just south of the museum complex, is located in a narrow valley of the Shark River and is a wonderful quiet park near the city. Through the valley winds small streams (also with waterfalls), there are various walks and also idyllic picnic areas.